In Defence of Expressionism

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Machine Books have just published a short e-book of mine in their ‘Style: In Defence Of…’ series. It’s on Expressionist architecture; a style and movement I’ve been fascinated by for a while. Down the years I’ve managed to visit quite a few of these buildings in Germany, Holland, Austria, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and also see its influence here (hello Brutalism) and further afield in Asia and Australia. It’s, by necessity, a short piece but I hope it’s a good introduction to those unfamiliar with the subject and a counter to the various myths that have grown up around the style. I’ve included images of the references I made in it below as a reference or alternatively just to feast your eyes on. Enjoy.

The Cabinet of Dr Caligari

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Nosferatu
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Metropolis

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The Golem

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The Black Cat

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Disney (‘Night on Bald Mountain’ scene from Fantasia)

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Michel de Klerk’s The Ship

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Gočár’s House of the Black Madonna

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Jože Plečnik’s National and University Library of Slovenia

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Jensen-Klint’s Grundtvig’s Church

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Mackintosh

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Horta

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van de Velde

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Steiner’s First Goethaneum

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Steiner’s Second Goethaneum

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Henry van de Velde’s Werkbund Theatre

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Louis Sullivan (National Farmers’ Bank of Owatonna, Minnesota)

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Angkor Wat

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Ziggurat (at Ur)

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Hindu mandir (Brihadeeswarar Temple)

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Indonesian rumah adat housing

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Dravidian architecture (Bhoga Nandeeshwara Temple)

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Nagara architecture

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Muqarnas vaults (Shah Mosque)

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Großes Schauspielhaus

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Edward Gordon Craig

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Poelzig’s sulphuric acid factory in Luboń

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Schmohl’s Borsigturm in Berlin-Tegel

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Church of the Light in Ibaraki

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The stairwell of Martin Elsaesser’s Großmarkthalle

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Mies van der Rohe’s Friedrichstrasse Tower

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Höger’s Chilehaus

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Erich Mendelsohn

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Taut’s Glass Pavilion

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Alpine Architecture

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Caspar David Friedrich

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Die Städtkrone

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Wenzel Hablik

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Johannes Molzahn’s Crystal Cathedral

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Taut’s Gartenstadt Falkenberg

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Luis Barragán

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Elsaesser’s Esslinger Südkirche

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Schmohl’s Ullsteinhaus

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USAF Academy Cadet Chapel, Colorado

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Bartnig’s unbuilt seven-point Star Church,

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Delhi Bahá’í House of Worship

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Utzon’s Sydney Opera House

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Mies van der Rohe’s Memorial to Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht

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Gropius’ Monument to the March Dead

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Red Banner Textile Factory

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Krüger brothers’ Tannenberg Memorial

1935 Feier im Tannenberg Denkmal während der Rede des Führers

Behren’s Technical Administration Building of Hoechst AG

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Poelzig’s IG Farben Building

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Gropius’ Fagus Factory

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Chernikhov’s Constructivism

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Mendelsohn sketch

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IG Metall-Haus

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De La Warr Pavilion

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Hans Scharoun (Berliner Philharmonie)

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Hermann Finsterlin

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Blobism (Kunsthaus Graz by Peter Cook and Colin Fournier)

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Harrison’s Fish Church, Connecticut

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Claude Parent

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Frei Otto (Deutscher Pavillon in Montreal)

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Friedensreich Hundertwasser (Waldspirale)

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Lebbeus Woods

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Domenig’s Steinhaus

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Piano’s The Shard

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Hadid (Vitra Fire Station)

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Gehry (Walt Disney Concert Hall)

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Libeskind (Royal Ontario Museum)

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Zumthor (Brother Klaus Field Chapel)

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Ando (Hyōgo Prefectural Museum of Art)

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Calatrava (Prince Philip Science Museum)

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Hamburg Philharmonie

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White City in Tel Aviv

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Vann Molyvann’s Phnom Penh

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